Strategic Prevention Framework

Campbell County Drug Free Alliance (CCDFA) uses the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) as a guide to plan, implement and assess prevention problems. The five steps and two guiding principles of the SPF give CCDFA a comprehensive process for addressing substance misuse and other related problems affecting the community.

Five Steps of the SPF

Step 1: Assess Needs

What is the problem, and how can I learn more?

Step 2: Build Capacity

What do I have to work with?

Step 3: Plan

What should I do and how should I do it?

Step 4: Implement

How can I put my plan into action?

Step 5: Evaluate

Is my plan succeeding?

Two Guiding Principles of SPF


Cultural Competence

The ability to interact effectively with members of diverse populations



The process of achieving and maintaining long-term results

Seven Strategies for Community Change

1. Providing Information

Educational presentations, workshops, seminars or other presentations of data (e.g. public announcements, brochures, dissemination, billboards, community meetings, forums and web based communication).

2. Enhancing Skills

Workshops, seminars or other activities designed to increase the skills of participants, members and staff needed to achieve population level outcomes (e.g. training, technical assistance, distance learning, strategic planning retreats, curricula development).

3. Providing Support

Creating opportunities to support people to participate in activities that reduce risk or enhance protection (e.g. providing alternative activities, mentoring, referrals, support groups or clubs).

4. Enhancing Access & Reducing Barriers

Improving systems and processes to increase the ease, ability and opportunity to utilize those systems and services (e.g. assuring healthcare, childcare, transportation, housing justice, education, safety, special needs, cultural and language sensitivity).

5. Changing Consequences (Incentives & Disincentives)

Increasing or decreasing the probability of a specific behavior that reduces risk or enhances protection by altering the consequences for performing that behavior (e.g. increasing public recognition for deserved behavior, individual and business rewards, taxes, citations, fines, revocations and loss of privileges).

6. Physical Design

Changing the physical design or structure of the environment to reduce risk or enhance protection (e.g. parks, landscapes, signage, lighting and outlet density).

7. Modifying and Changing Policies

Formal change written procedures, by-laws, proclamations, rules or laws with written documentation and/or voting procedures (e.g. workplace initiatives, law enforcement procedures and practices, public policy actions, systems change within government, communities and organizations).